Throughout the long winter, we look forward to the summer, so that we can finally get warm so hot : fry in the sun, lie on the beach, sunbathe on vacation. But modern science inexorably reminds us of the dangers of sunburn, doctors recommend protecting yourself from the sun and not abusing sunbathing.
Excessive enthusiasm for tanning leads to a much faster aging of the skin, causing various changes in it. Under the influence of free radicals, age spots (chloasma) appear on the skin, as well as benign and malignant neoplasms.
To avoid the harmful effects of free radicals on the skin, you can use special creams that, due to the presence of antioxidants, bind these active substances, remove them and thereby protect the cells.
It has been proven that excessive solar radiation, and especially sunburn, significantly increases the risk of developing melanoma-skin cancer, one of the most dangerous types of cancer. Melanoma is characterized by a high mortality rate (about every third patient dies), due to the fact that this malignant tumor develops rapidly, gives numerous metastases. And there is only one way to prevent melanoma : protect yourself from solar radiation, constantly use sunscreen, monitor moles – as soon as you notice changes-consult your doctor immediately !
Children are especially sensitive to the harmful effects of ultraviolet rays. Be sure to lubricate your baby’s skin with a cream with a high degree of sun protection, because baby’s delicate skin is especially sensitive to sunburn, which in the future can lead to persistent health problems for your baby.
We always suggest keeping the golden mean. No need to sunbathe in the sun, be sure to protect your skin from sunburn, your head – from sunstroke, and your eyes-from ultraviolet rays. Sounds too complicated ? In fact, this is a matter of habit, and if you approach your health responsibly, these small rules will become familiar and understandable :
The best time to sunbathe is from 9am to 11am and after 4pm. The most dangerous time is from 12am to 3pm, when the sun is most active.
Always use a quality sunscreen with an SPF index of at least 30-40 in the city, and at least 50-60 on the beach and when traveling in the south. Any sunscreen is guaranteed for 2 hours, so remember to renew it regularly on your skin.
Be sure to protect your head and eyes from the sun. Before going to the beach, do not use cosmetics and decorative perfumes – under the influence of ultraviolet rays, these products can lead to the appearance of age spots and skin irritation.
Sunburn will be more persistent if you drink plenty of fluids.
Vitamins A, E, C contribute to the acquisition of a beautiful tan, they are especially abundant in the leaves of spinach, tomatoes, carrots, citrus fruits, strawberries, rose hips, green peas, black currant, red pepper, sea buckthorn, Brussels sprouts, red and cauliflower, mountain ash, apricots, pumpkin, greenery.
Protect our eyes
The eyes need as much sun protection as the skin. The bright sun has a destructive effect on the lens of the eye, which can lead to the development of cataracts, a disease that causes about 50% of cases of blindness. The sun can burn the cornea of the eye. It is ruthless on the thin and delicate skin of the eye area, and the need to constantly squint because of bright light contributes to the appearance of expression wrinkles around the eyes.
The takeaway is clear : be sure to wear sunglasses. It is important that the glasses not only look beautiful and with dark lenses, but provide 100% protection from ultraviolet rays. When buying, be sure to pay attention to this! Unfortunately, not all glasses with dark lenses are sunglasses, and these glasses are harmful, because tinted lenses “deceive” our pupil, which expands in response to low light intensity. As a result, even more ultraviolet radiation enters the retina.
Besides! Do you know who needs sunglasses the most ? Kids! Their eyes are especially sensitive to the influence of ultraviolet rays, since the structure of the eye is not yet fully formed, and therefore the eyes are very sensitive to external influences – the cornea of a child’s eye can become inflamed after an hour. sun exposure without protection.
Hyperpigmentation is associated with excessive pigment deposition in the skin. The reasons for hyperpigmentation of the skin are many : from excessive sun exposure and increased skin sensitivity, injuries and inflammatory processes on the skin to severe hormonal changes, metabolic disorders, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, intoxication of the body, disorders and even the use of certain drugs…
It is quite difficult to get rid of age spots, so it is better to simply prevent them from appearing. To do this, be sure to use a high-protection sunscreen when going out, even in overcast weather.
When buying day creams and foundation, make sure that the packaging indicates that they contain a sun protection factor (SPF). If the cream does not contain SPF, then it is necessary to supplement the facial treatment with a special sunscreen. In winter, an SPF value of 8-10 is sufficient, in summer-at least 20. The choice of the degree of protection of the skin depends on its type and sensitivity, as well as on the region. If in the middle lane you most likely have enough SPF – 30, then at sea you need a cream with an SPF of about 40. The higher the SPF, the longer you can stay in the sun without harmful effects on the skin.
If you have a tendency to the formation of hyperpigmentation of the skin-minimize the time spent in the sun, be sure to use sunscreen with a high degree of protection.
You can try to get rid of hyperpigmentation on your own using lightening creams, masks or with the help of a beautician. The doctor will select an effective program, advise the best choice from the modern arsenal of cosmetics. For hyperpigmentation caused by sunlight, peels and ozone therapy are useful.
Peeling is a controlled damage and exfoliation of certain layers of the skin, which is accompanied by a significant activation of recovery and renewal processes and leads to an improvement in the appearance and condition of the skin.
Ozone therapy-subcutaneous injections of the drug with ozone-is very effective in post-traumatic post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, after rashes, after acne. The cosmetologist performs local injections of ozone under inflammatory elements, brown spots, as a result of which blood circulation in this area improves and the pigment is discolored. It is good to combine ozonotherapy with peels. An important advantage of ozone therapy is that it can be carried out in the summer.
Another effective way to combat hyperpigmentation is the laser . The laser beam acts punctually on pigment spots, removing cells in which the synthesis of melanin is disturbed. Thus, the problem is solved radically: there are no cells that give pigmentation, respectively, there are no spots on the skin. The only drawback of this procedure is that it can be performed on the face only in the fall, when the solar radiation becomes less intense.